Day of Atonement
Daniel 8:14 And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.
Sanctuary is referring the moving tent of congregation that Moses pitched in the wilderness under Godís instruction. We will exam the sanctuary service on the Day of Atonement shortly.
OT:6663 tsadaq (tsaw-dak'); a primitive root; to be (causatively, make) right (in a moral or forensic sense):
KJV - cleanse, clearself, (be, do) just (-ice, -ify, -ifyself), (be turn to) righteous (-ness).
From the definition, we can see cleanse means to clean, purify or to make right, to make righteous, to cleanse sins.
The cleansing of the sanctuary was to be performed in the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur). This is explained in Levitus 16 meaning the sanctuary is declared clean.
The events leading up to the Day of Atonement is of special interest. The Feast of Trumpet, the ten penitential days, Rosh Hashanah, the 1st day of the 7th month, Tishri, reaches climax with the Day of Atonement.
Moses made two silver
trumpets. (Numbers 10:2).† These were to be blown at special times of
solemnity or joy. They were to remind the Israelites of the power of the Lord
their God (Num. 10:10). The trumpets were blown in conquests (at
The blowing of the trumpets
was relayed to all the
ďThe Day of Atonement (at one ment) is recognized by all the jews as the day of judgment.Ē (Baeck, L. 1948. The Essence of Judaism, p.167). ďYom Kippur is solemn and is regarded as a day of judgment ....Ē (Collierís Encyclopedia, 1965, vol. 23, p.702).
Rev 14:6&7 announce the approaching of the Godís day of judgment in the First Angelís Message.
In our antitypical world, about 10 years before 1844, there was a world wide revival among different denominations announcing the coming of the Godís judgment, the beginning of Adventism movement.
Our sanctuary doctrine on the Day of Atonement.
There are 7 annual Sabbaths. Like the New Yearís Day, Jan 1st, they all fall on different day of the week from year to year.
The daily sacrifices were not to be interrupted by Day of Atonement or any annual feasts. There was one in the morning, one in the evening. This represents Godís salvation continually available to man.
Different types of animals
were offered for sin offerings (Lev 4&5). The animals all represented
Christ. Dove: loving, lamb: obedient to Fatherís will, Bull: laboring, patient,Ö. In addition to priests and congregation of
And priests partook the flesh of the sin offering in the size of olive---maintained by Jewish rabbis. Itís about the size our communion bread. This symbolizes Christ became sin for us.
The blood of the animal from
the daily sacrifice was, some poured out at the base of laver, some imprinted
onto the horns of altar, some sprinkled onto veils of the sanctuary before the
Holy Place (Lev 4:17). Imagine in the hot desert, the odor of the blood in
sanctuary would be very strong from all the daily blood offerings. Also, the
sins were not merely forgiven and forgotten. Sins were transferred from the
sinner to the animal. The blood that carries the sin was also transferred to
Atonement for sins cannot be made without the shedding of blood (Lev. 17:11; Heb. 9:22). There are several aspects to the atonement:
Sacrificial atonement. When an animal (representing Christ) was sacrificed for sin, its spilt blood was regarded as making atonement (Exod. 29:36). When the sanctuary system of worship was initiated, the offerings were made in the courtyard of the sanctuary signifying that Christ would suffer and die on this earth (Isa. 53:4,5). Christís sacrifice was all sufficient (Heb. 10:12).
ďChristís words on the mountainside were the announcement that His sacrifice on behalf of man was full and complete. The conditions of the atonement had been fulfilled; the work for which He came to this world had been accomplishedĒ (White, E.G. 1940. TheDesire of Ages, p.819).
When we come to Him in faith, we are released from the guilt of sin and are regarded as if we had never sinned; we are justified (Rom. 5:1; 1 John 1:9).
Mediatorial atonement. Following the sacrifice of the animal victim by the penitent believer, the priest performed a work of mediation on behalf of the believer. The Scriptures clearly state that the priest (representing Christ) ďmade an atonementĒ (Lev. 4:20,26,31,35; 5:6,10,13,18; 6:7; 7:7). Since the priest did not participate in slaying the victim, we must conclude that the priestís work was additional to the sacrificial atonement. This phase of the atonement was essential and took place in the first apartment of the earthly sanctuary. It consisted of sprinkling the blood (Lev. 4:5-7,16,17). [Sometimes the blood was not sprinkled in the holy place but a portion of the flesh of the sacrifice was eaten there to make an atonement - Lev. 6:26; 10:17]. This signified that the priest was mediating on the sinnerís behalf. The priest became a sin-bearer in type, representing Jesus.
These services represented Christís work in the heavenly sanctuary which He was able to undertake by virtue of His death. Christ is hence represented as having a work of mediation in the first apartment of the heavenly sanctuary subsequent to His death on the cross (Acts 2:33; 1 John 2:1). The apostle Paul in the epistle of Hebrews informs us also that Christ has a work to perform in the heavenly sanctuary for us (Heb. 9:24). Indeed, we notice that
ďJesus is our High Priest in heaven and what is He doing? He is making intercession and atonement for His people who believe in Him. Through His imputed righteousness, they are accepted of God as those who are manifesting to the world that they acknowledge allegiance to God, keeping all His commandmentsĒ (White, E.G. 1962. Testimonies to Ministers and Gospel Workers, p.37).
He has promised to give us
help in time of need as we plead with Him (Heb. 4:14-16). The sanctifying
influence of the Spirit of God in the life will transform us and make us like
Christ in character (Acts 26:18;
Judicial atonement. The work on the Day of Atonement was also a work of making atonement (Lev16:16,30). This work occurred in the second apartment of the earthly sanctuary. It is clear from Leviticus 16 that the work on this special day was a work of judgment (vs.29,30). The destinies of the people were settled on that day (Lev. 23:28-30). This represented the closing work of atonement. This was a time when the high priest made final intercession for all those who by their actions and attitudes signified that they wished to be identified with Godís people. The people may have sinned ignorantly; these sins were also represented before the Lord on this day. The work involved sprinkling the blood of the Lordís goat on and before the mercy seat (Lev. 16:15). By this it was signified that the just demands of the law were satisfied by the shedding of the blood of the Lordís goat which represented Christ. In the heavenly sanctuary, Christ entered into this final phase of ministry in 1844 (antitypical Day of Atonement or Judgment) to make final atonement for all who might be benefited by His ministry and for the sins which the people have committed in ignorance (Dan. 8:14; Heb. 9:7; White, E.G. 1950. The Great Controversy, pp.480; White, E.G. 1945. Early Writings, p.253). However, He does not cease His intercession on mankindís behalf during this phase (Heb. 7:25). Jesusí intercession on behalf of sinners (Rev. 3:5) ensures that the justice demanded by the law is satisfied by Godís mercy. Thus, the salvation of mankind is assured, as is the safety of the universe against sin arising the second time (Ps. 85:9,10; Nah. 1:9). The mediatorial and judicial aspects of Christ atonement represent His intercessory ministry in heaven. The earthly sanctuary was a pattern of the heavenly, and gives us significant insights into the principles of its operation (Heb.9:23,24; Ps. 77:13).
--- The Pattern of Salvation by Warren A Shipton and George D Jackson, Maranatha Media
The Day of Atonement falls on the 10th day of the 7th month, Tishri. It is the most sacred† of† the biblical calendar and is the only fast day of the calendar year. (Lev 23:32, Acts 27:9).† On this day, the high priest washed his body and clad in special linen garments (Lev. 16:2-5). The white linen garment symbolized Christís righteousness. And the high priest typified Christ.
Only once a year, on the day
of Atonement, and only the high priest was allowed to enter into the Most Holy
Place (Lev. 16:14,15). This regulation typifies Christís continual mediatorial ministry in the
First the high priest offered a sacrifice (bullock) as a sin offering for himself and his house (Lev. 16:6). Aaron and his family had to be free from sin in order to be accepted in Godís service. This is because Aaron typified the believers before they enter face judgment.
After Aaron had interceded for himself and his family, the two goats were brought to the door of the sanctuary and lots were cast. The casting of lots determined which was the Lordís goat (represented Christ) and which was not. The Lordís goat was offered as a sin offering (Lev 6:9). Notice only one goat functioned as a sin offering . This offering was for all the people, but sin was not actually confessed over the head of the Lordís goat (Lev 6:15). Carrying the blood of this goat, the priest entered into the most holy place.
The second goat was the ďscapegoatĒ in Hebrew Azazel. When the high priest had made an end to making an atonement for the people and the sanctuary, he symbolically bore all the confessed sins of the congregation in his person. ďChrist became sin (offering) for us.Ē He then placed all these sins symbolically on the head of the second goat. The scapegoat was then led away into the wilderness or land of separation (Lev 6:20-22).
This animal was not sacrificed by the shedding of blood, nor is the death of this goat in the wilderness mentioned. The scapegoat took no part in making an atonement for sin (Lev. 17:11; Heb. 9:22). The Azazelís goat was a witness and originator and partaker of every sin. The sense in which the word atonement is used in relation to this goat must be viewed in terms of making ďreparation for wrong or injuryĒ (Lev 16:10) This represents Satan will ultimately bore all confessed sins and be chain in abyss (this earth desolate) for the millennium. What about the unconfessed sins? Each sinner will bore these sins themselves because they are not confessed and not atoned for. This is the unpardonable sin which is sin never confessed and turned away from.
This signifies that every sin is accounted for and price of sins are finally paid for. The believers of Christ are justified in eyes of God. Though the believers were justified when they accepted Christís death in their place, God reserved the record of sin by sprinkling and imprinting the blood throughout the sanctuary. It is by examining/investigating every record of sins, the believer is proven to the universe to have been justified in Christ. It is after this act, the record of sins are then eradicated through the act of sending the scapegoat into the wilderness and cleansing of the blood from the veils and sanctuary on this day.
One of the lessons learned from the Day of Atonement is that God forgives sin as soon as it is truly confessed and repented. However, the record of these confessed sins remains. This record must also be seen as a record of Christís forgiving acts. This is needed to show the accuser and all intelligent beings how sinner were justified for every sin. This record was finally dealt with once a year, when the blood of the Lordís goat (no sin was confessed over this goat) was sprinkled on and before the mercy seat (Lev. 16:15). This act signified that mercy had satisfied the just demands of the law (the 2 tablets of law stored in the ark under the mercy seat). No record of sins remained at the completion of the ceremony on this day. It is then cast to the sea.
This annual ceremony teaches important truths about the heavenly sanctuary (antitype). The cleansing of the earthly sanctuary shadowed the ministry of Christ in the heavenly sanctuary(Heb. 9:23). The Day of Atonement took place before the Feast Tabernacle, Sukkoth. The first falls on the 15th of the 7th month. This indicates the investigative judgment takes place just before His second coming. And it becomes apparent that the record of believersí confessed sins will be dealt with just prior to the close of this earth probation.
ďAs the priest entered the most holy place once a year to cleanse the earthly sanctuary, so Jesus entered the most holy of the heavenly sanctuary at the end of the 2300 days of Daniel 8, in 1844, to make a final atonement for all who could be benefited by His mediation and then to cleanse the sanctuaryĒ (White, E.G. 1945. Early Writings, p.253).
At this time Jesus will make final atonement for His people, final intercession before the Father (Dan 7:9,10; Rev 3:5). In 1Timothy 5:24, we are assured that the confessed sins of the penitent believer are blotted out before the execution of judgment (when the Lord returns to give His rewards).
The general probation closes at the end of Day of Atonement after the judgment. However, the unrepentant sinner had already rejected Godís grace by refusing to accept and partake in Christís atoning sacrifice. Individuals who were ďcut offĒ were separated from their brethren (as tares separated from wheat at harvest) and judged unworthy of the right to be called Israelites (Gen. 17:14; Exod. 12:15). Since they were no longer Godís chosen children, they were not entitled to the covenant which promises the eternal inheritance (Rom. 8:17; Gal. 3:29). The concept of eternal damnation is clearly taught by these texts, as in its severest application those who were ďcut offĒ were put to death (Exod. 31:14).
There is no possible salvation after the close of probation as the multitude knocked on the door of the ark after it had been closed. It can not be re-opened. This is our present-truth message that we should all examine our lives and not to get ready but be ready in these last days.
Begin at Daniel 7, Daniel was given visions about
Continues in Daniel 8, two years later, the visions returned to Daniel as he was shown the ram, the goat, 4 horns and the little horn.
Daniel heard the question: how long shall the vision be concerning the daily sacrifice, the transgression of desolationÖ.Daniel 8:13
Daniel 8:14 And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.
The explanation was given by Gabriel to to Daniel vs16-26. The vision is about the endtime vs17 & 19. But Daniel didnít understand. For the ending of this prophecy was given but the beginning was not. He was greatly troubled and felt sick.
On to the first year of
Darius the Persian king, as the 70years of captivity prophesized by Jeremiah
nearing end, Daniel confessed his sins and sins of
21 Yes, while I was speaking in prayer, the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the former vision, being caused to fly swiftly, came near to me and touched me about the time of the evening sacrifice.
22 He instructed me and made me understand; he talked with me and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth to give you skill and wisdom and understanding.
In most translations, vs21 is cross-referenced to Dan 8:16. As we recall, Dan 16-26, Gabriel explained the symbols of the ram, goat, the horns and explained the vision is for the endtime. Daniel understood none of that. For the time prophecy to be understood, now the starting point must be given.
23 At the beginning of thy supplications the commandment came forth, and I am come to shew thee; for thou art greatly beloved: therefore understand the matter, and consider the vision.
24 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.
70 weeks was given as the beginning of the time prophecy. The word Ďdetermineí comes the meaning: cut-off.
OT:2852 chathak (khaw-thak'); a primitive root; properly, to cut off, i.e. (figuratively) to decree:
70 week prophecy was the beginning portion that was cut-off from the 2300day prophecy.
When a bible prophecy is declared, it calls for attention, gives warning. Itís not for prediction, but rather when it came to pass, it validates the Godís authority and the bearers of the message.
Lets look at the historical fulfillment of the 2300 years prophecy.
We know that 70 week/490 year
prophecy was fulfilled in history from 457BC to 34AD. Godís probation was
closed/finished for the nation of
1260 year prophecy was fulfilled in history from 538AD to 1798AD when the papacy reigned supreme.
Having the same starting point as the 70 week prophecy, 2300 year prophecy ended in 1844. Did anything happen in 1844?
Lets first consult our ancient handbook of salvation, the earthly sanctuary.
There are 5 pillars before
the veil of the holy place. And there are 4 pillars before the veil of the
What we can see vividly is that before a believer meets God when the end comes, he sees the 3 angels.
The Three Angelís message is shown in Revelation 14:6-11.
The Three Angelís message:
The hour of judgment is near: worship the creator.
Repeats the 2nd angelís message and warns against receiving the mark of the beast.
Now the question is: anything happened in 1844?
1. In type, beginning on the Feast of Trumpet, 10 days leading up to the Day of Atonement, trumpets were blown to announce the coming of Day of Judgment.
In antitype, beginning at 1833, the Millerites began to proclaim the 1st angelís message in announcing the coming judgment hour.
3. The 3rd angelís message
reinforces the 2nd angelís message in intensity. This is what we refer as the
ĎLoud Cryí. It warns against partaking the sins of
Clearly, there is no denial the 3 angelís message before the judgment has been preached. So something did happen in 1844 on earth. We canít see what happened in the heaven. But the bible again tells us in type, the high priest one a year entered into the Most Holy on the Day of Atonement.
Lets look at whatelse happened around that time.
There are no counterfeit 3 dollar bills. 1. 3 dollar bill does not exist. 2. It has little value. Devil counterfeits everything from God. The greater the importance, the greater intensity of war Devil wages on it.
Did the Devil wage a war on the 3 angelís message religious movement that began around 1844?
We know the Devil waged wars on Reformation with great measures.
The Jesuit order was founded to counter-act the reformation.
Jesuit inspired Futurism to divert people from biblical interpretation of prophecies.
Renaissance and Medici learning(secular learning) were started to complete with bible learning.
The late 1700s, the effort intensified.
Freemasonary was established.
Meritorious Order of Rosy Cross or Rosicrucian was established.
Order of Illuminati was established by Jesuit priest Adam Weinshaupt.
The Jacobin Club was founded, later called the League of Just.
Illuminatiís planned, financed and orchestrated French Revolution where God and the bible were thrown out and goddess of Reason of Liberty was worshipped.
The year 1844 was particularly interesting. No other year in history where so many important historical events took place.
1842, Karl Marx joined the Jacobin Club.
1844, Karl Marx started writing the Manifesto of Communism. Published in 1846.
Text was Ďdiscoveredí at
1844, Persian Prophet The BŠb announces His revelation, founding BŠbism. He announced to the world of the coming of "He whom God shall make manifest." The Bahaíi Faith (another Luciferianism) advocates unity of religions. The Bahaíi Faith is upheld as the moral standard of United Nations.
1844, Charles Darwin began writing the Ďmystery of mysteriesí: the Origin of Species.
There are only two major movements in the world today: message of unity in the name of love and peace; the message of separation calling Godís people to come out of the Spiritual Babylon.
Against the 1844 religious movement, the Devil waged a total onslaught on Jesus Christ and His people. But Godís purpose is being fulfilled and He is in control. Itís comforting to know that we truly live in the time of the end. This is our sanctuary message. When the Third Angelís message is loudly proclaimed. The latter rain will surely fall on us.